Haiti is an island-country on the Caribbean, with a total land area of 28,000km2. About 70% of the island is mountainous. Haiti has tropical climate, and the vegetation cover is mainly scrub, conifers and leafy mangroves.
Haiti has not only suffered from natural disasters such as the earthquake of 2010, tropical storms or hurricanes, but the country is extremely vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. In fact is the most vulnerable country in Latin American and the Caribbean to climate change. The climate impacts in Haiti are: land and forest degradation, increasing temperatures, decreasing biodiversity, drought/desertification, coastal erosion, sea-level rise, floods, landslides and salinization.
The most vulnerable sector to climate change is agriculture which is extremely important for the population. The country is very much affected by land degradation, especially in the coastal zones. Water management (in light of desertification and salinization processes) is also very problematic.